What is Acne?

  • By Maxine Dean
  • 10 Jun, 2017

All About Acne - The Most Common Skin Condition

Acne is estimated to affect 650 million people worldwide, making it the most common skin condition. Although it's a very common problem for adolescents and teens, acne can affect anyone. Left untreated, acne can leave scars, lead to anxiety and negatively impact self esteem.  The more you know about your skin, the easier it is to manage your acne and uncover clear, beautiful skin. 

Acne vulgaris is a broad term for several different types of lesions found on the skin, these include blackheads, whitehead, papules, pustules and cysts. Acne occurs when pores become clogged with oil and dead skin. Acne is typically accompanied by oily skin, inflammation and scarring. Dead skin and sebum can become trapped inside pores or hair follicles to form a plug. These clogged pores are called a comdeones. If bacteria is present in the comedo, then the pore and surrounding cells may become inflamed becoming a blackhead, whitehead, papule, pustule or cyst. Hormones, diet, lifestyle and medication can aggravate acne.

 
There are a couple different types of acne lesions:
  • Blackheads are open comdeos. When a comedo is open and exposed to air the dead skin and oil that clogged the pore oxidizes, turning it black.  

  • Whiteheads are closed comedos. The opening of the pore is either very narrow or completely blocked by skin. Whiteheads are clogged pores just like a blackhead, only they have not been oxidized and remain white.

  • Papules and  Pustules form when a pore becomes so irritated the walls collapse, these are generally what we call pimples. The pore and surrounding cells are inflamed and can be painful. Papules are raised, solid bumps that are typically red and may be painful. Pustules occurs when a papule becomes infected, or “comes to a head” and fills with pus. Not all papules turn into pustules and may resolve on their own.  

  • Cysts are hard, pus filled lesions that rupture deep beneath the surface of the skin. Cysts are often large and quite painful. Cysts occur when the oil gland within a pore becomes engorged and hardened. Unable to push the excess oil and debris through the pore, it ruptures leaving behind a painful, swollen mass under the skin. Cysts are the most severe type of acne lesion. They can last anywhere from a couple of days to weeks, and usually leave a scar.

 Acne is classified into 4 grades. Each grade is characterized by the types, the severity, and the number of blemishes present. These breakdowns aid dermatologists and other professionals in determining the best treatment plan for your skin:
  • Grade 1 is mild acne consisting of a few blackheads and papules that are not deep or inflamed.
  • Grade 2 is moderate acne, with 10 or more blackheads, papules, milia, pustules with redness and inflammation.
  • Grade 3 is severe acne involving 12-20+ blackheads, papules, pustules, cysts and a lot of redness and inflammation. Acne generally spreads from the face down the neck, the chest, shoulders and the upper back.
  • Grade 4 is often called cystic or nodulcystic acne. severe acne involving 12-20+ blackheads, papules, pustules, multiple cysts and a lot of redness and inflammation. Infection is deep and widespread, affecting the face, chest, shoulders, the entire back and upper arms.

  Acne treatments at MaxAesthetics in Philadelphia are used to increase cell turnover, eliminate acne causing bacteria, reduce inflammations and help regulate oil production.   Acne is usually treated with topical products such as salicylic acid, retinoid, benzoyl peroxide, azelaic acid or laser treatments.

Philadelphia Skin Care And Beauty Blog | Best Skin Care Advice

By Maxine Dean 02 Dec, 2017
If you’re looking for something to add to your diet that has major benefits bundled together, look no further. Blueberries, as well as raspberries, contain antioxidants, probiotics, anthocyanins, vitamins, polyphenols, and flavonoids. They truly are the whole package. Moreover, they help the skin regenerate new cells, which, slows the aging process. They also fight off free radicals while helping replenish the skin cells natural plumpness and elasticity. 
By Maxine Dean 02 Dec, 2017
The common cold is not a life threatening disease and often goes away in a few days after running its course. However, a running nose, nasal congestion, sore throat, persistent sneezes, or coughs can leave you feeling miserable. Although nothing can cure a cold, some remedies may ease your symptoms while the infection lasts. 

When you're sick, your skin also suffers. A compromised immune system leads to you looking and feeling worn down. Dehydrated skin, red and irritated noses,  and a dull complexion are all common side effects of being sick with a cold. Taking care of your body as a whole will help improve your skin. 
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Philadelphia Skin Care And Beauty Blog | Best Skin Care Advice

By Maxine Dean 02 Dec, 2017
If you’re looking for something to add to your diet that has major benefits bundled together, look no further. Blueberries, as well as raspberries, contain antioxidants, probiotics, anthocyanins, vitamins, polyphenols, and flavonoids. They truly are the whole package. Moreover, they help the skin regenerate new cells, which, slows the aging process. They also fight off free radicals while helping replenish the skin cells natural plumpness and elasticity. 
By Maxine Dean 02 Dec, 2017
The common cold is not a life threatening disease and often goes away in a few days after running its course. However, a running nose, nasal congestion, sore throat, persistent sneezes, or coughs can leave you feeling miserable. Although nothing can cure a cold, some remedies may ease your symptoms while the infection lasts. 

When you're sick, your skin also suffers. A compromised immune system leads to you looking and feeling worn down. Dehydrated skin, red and irritated noses,  and a dull complexion are all common side effects of being sick with a cold. Taking care of your body as a whole will help improve your skin. 
By Maxine Dean 24 Nov, 2017
This bright and creamy Sweet Potato Pie Smoothie gives you all the flavor of the Thanksgiving classic without all the guilt! Skin-boosting ingredients like sweet potato, citrus fruits and nuts provides immune support in addition to healthy, glowing complexion!
By Maxine Dean 16 Nov, 2017
Cucumbers with an unwaxed peel offer silica to boost collagen production and reduce wrinkles for younger looking skin.

Cucumber are very hydrating to improve skin moisture and being that vitamin C is one of the most important antioxidants, it can help your skin to maintain a youthful appearance.

Cucumbers are very high in water, in fact, they are mostly water, and they contain vitamin C, and caffeic acid that helps soothe irritations and swelling of the skin, which is why cucumbers are often recommended to be placed over swollen eyes to get rid of puffiness and a fatigued look when you have not had a restful night’s sleep.
By Maxine Dean 14 Nov, 2017
Most of us know that living a healthy lifestyle isn't the easiest thing to do, and the sad truth is that many of us simply feel just too busy in life to implement any healthy changes. It's not necessarily that you don't have the motivation or you don't want to have a better lifestyle - it's simply that you don't feel you have the me to make the required changes in order to turn your lifestyle around (because, yes, it does take me and mental energy to make positive changes!)

But you CAN turn things around if you change your mindset and the way you’re going about things. Here’s how...
By Maxine Dean 09 Nov, 2017

Green beans are very healthy for your skin. They contain hyaluronic acid, which fights aging of the skin and hold onto water so the skin is moisturized thereby reducing wrinkles and fine lines. The skin is kept smooth and moist by the addition of hyaluronic acid.

Beans also increase the synthesis of collagen and promote the growth of healthy skin. Your joints are healthier and your skin will be more toned. Hyaluronic acid is also important in the proliferation of healthy skin cells and in the migration of those cells to the outermost parts of the skin.  

By Maxine Dean 08 Nov, 2017

Ah, the benefits of berries never end!

They are good to eat and good for your skin. Cranberries naturally exfoliate dead skin and contain vital antioxidants to promote anti-aging skin health, improve skin texture, tone and firmness. 

  • Vitamin C increases collagen production, reduces redness and brightens the skin. Vitamin A is supports healthy pore function, and cell turnover. 
  • Vitamin A helps keep pores clear, which can help reduce acne and oil production.
  • Cranberries contain polyphenols, including proanthocyanidins and flavonols , which are antioxidants known for their powerful anti-aging effects. The polyphenols in cranberries help fight free radicals, the damaging byproducts of environmental toxins, UV Damage, and other stressors, to repair damaged skin and reduce the signs of aging. The polyphenols found in cranberries :
    • Provides skin soothing properties to reduce inflammation and redness. 
    • Enhances, and amplifies the antioxidant properties of Vitamins A, C, and E.
    • Improves circulation
    • Slows damage caused by oxidative stress, which may help reduce sun related aging.
    • Repairs UV Damage, and helps slow damage of oxidative stress, which may help reduce sun related aging. 
    • Helps repair collagen, and Inhibits the enzyme that breaks down collagen for smooth, firm, elastic skin.
  • The Natural Fruit Enzymes in cranberries gently exfoliate the skin by dissolving dead, dull skin. Revitalizes skin, bringing new, fresh skin to the surface to brighten and reduce signs of aging. 
  • Vitamin E is an antioxidant that strengthens the skin’s natural barrier function to prevent moisture loss, fights free radicals and protects skin against UV damage. 
  • Cranberries are rich  Essential Fatty Acids . Cranberries have a  unique 1:1 ratio of omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids, which is the perfect ratio for maximum absorption into the skin. Essential fatty acids improves skin elasticity, and keeps skin hydrated, nourished and radiant.  

By Maxine Dean 03 Nov, 2017
It is safe to say that how you eat does ultimately affect the health of your skin. Aside from the overall benefits of eating healthy; research points to the fact that eating the right foods also helps keep skin looking young and healthy. There is also evidence showing that when we don't care about what we eat our skin definitely suffers.

Continue reading at Maxine Dean Skin Care! 
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Carrots are extremely high in beta-carotene, which is a form of vitamin A. Beta carotene is perhaps one of the best antioxidants that prevents aging by reducing the degeneration of cells so you can maintain a youthful look. Vitamin A is also good for the growth of tissues, improved vision, healthy bones, and healthy teeth.

The vitamin C you’ll find in carrots will increase the amount of collagen in the body and collagen improves skin’s elasticity to prevent wrinkles and deflect the typical signs of aging.

Carrots are also high in potassium, which helps keep the electrolytes in the body balances, reduces acne, and increases the growth of healthy, new skin cells. Potassium can also relieve you of scarring as well as the dark spots so often seen in aged skin.

Carrots help the liver get rid of toxins, which may help to reduce acne breakouts. 
By Maxine Dean 31 Oct, 2017
When you hear the word sugar, do you start to salivate? If so, you are not alone. You may understand that sugar is probably not the healthiest food. Yet you might still crave it on a daily basis. This is not at all uncommon, thanks to the fact that processed food probably makes up the largest part of your diet. Intentionally hidden by manufacturers behind names like agave nectar, fruit juice, barley malt and dextrose, sugar is a prevalent but dangerous food ingredient.

Like salt, sugar addiction is rather common. Health professionals, unfortunately, agree that beating a sugar addiction is just as tough as kicking cocaine, heroin or a tobacco habit. There are neurological and physiological processes triggered by sugar which create this powerful addiction in some people. If sugar was not such a deadly food when taken in excess, this would not be a problem. From weight gain to premature aging, promoting cancer to boosting your risk of diabetes, sugar can be downright deadly.

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